Hair Loss type

Types of Medical Related Hair Loss You Should Know


Hair loss (alopecia) is a normal bodily phenomenon with an average loss of 50–100 hairs per day in humans. The hair cycle is responsible for the constant hair production that results in this hair loss.

Nonetheless, there can be issues with the typical hair cycle, bringing about recognizable going bald. Going bald can influence the whole body’s skin yet is more normal on the scalp. Many people suffer from medically related hair loss, which is often treated with prescriptions or cranial prosthesis.

The scalp has up to 100,000 hair cycles running at the same time, which is the reason the scalp is impacted more by any break in the ordinary hair pattern of the body. Genetics may affect hair loss, although there are other causes, including behavioural or pathological ones.

In this article, we briefly discuss the various types of hair loss.

Common Types of Hair Loss in Males

As opposed to females, balding is more recognizable in guys and is most regularly connected with hormonal changes in men.

A couple of normal kinds of balding in guys include:

  • Hair Loss Caused by Androgens
  • Alopecia Areata
  • Alopecia Barbae
  • Telogen Effluvium
  • Fungal Hair Loss

Common Types of Hair Loss in Females

Significant hair loss leading to Critical balding prompting sparseness is typically not seen in ladies; ladies experience a diffused sort of balding bringing about diminishing of hair on the scalp.

A few normal sorts of balding influencing females are:

  • Hair Loss Caused by Androgens
  • Alopecia Areata
  • Postpartum alopecia
  • Traction Alopecia
  • Telogen Effluvium
  • Fungal Hair Loss

Common Types of Hair Loss in Children

Balding likewise influences kids, in spite of the fact that youngsters experience not as much as grown-ups. Some types of hair loss affecting children are:

  • Fungal Hair Loss
  • Alopecia Areata
  • Lichen planopilaris

Androgenic Hair Loss

The balding brought about by chemicals (androgens) in our body is called androgenic balding, and it is the most regular reason for balding in guys in their twenties and females in their forties. On average, about 50% of males are affected by this type of hair loss at the age of 50 years. Also, Caucasian individuals are more impacted than African Americans, Japanese, and Chinese individuals.

It’s a hereditary issue, and a few natural variables add to this going bald. Be that as it may, this kind of going bald is stoppable and complete regrowth of hair is conceivable with drugs. In males, it’s called “male pattern hair loss,” while in females, it’s called “female pattern hair loss.”

Male Pattern Hair Loss

Male example sparseness alludes to a deficiency of hair on the scalp in men. It happens as hormone levels change over a man’s lifetime and especially in his later years.

Influencing 50 million men in the US and a big part of all men by the age of 50 is thought.

Albeit a characteristic piece of the maturing system for a large number of men, going bald can mentally trouble.

Sudden or unexpected hair loss can sometimes indicate a more serious health condition that may require medical attention.

Female Pattern Hair Loss

In contrast to males, female pattern hair loss usually occurs after menopause, although hair loss is reported at any age after getting into puberty.

In females, the hairline is not affected. Instead, there is thinning of the hair all over the head. There is a lower chance of complete baldness in females with androgenic hair loss.

Telogen Effluvium

The hair cycle is completed in three distinct phases, which include anagen (growth phase), catagen (transitional phase), and telogen (resting phase). At the point when countless hair follicles enter the resting stage (telogen) and the resulting development stage doesn’t start, shedding hair begins, called telogen emanation. This type of hair loss can affect any age group in both sexes.

There is no particular example of telogen emanation with the exception of that there is an expanded measure of hair an individual regularly sheds. There are a few reasons for telogen emanation, for example, serious pressure, terrible eating routine, unexpected weight reduction, pregnancy, labor, menopause, certain drugs, chronic frailty conditions, or metal harmfulness.

With treatment, telogen effluvium is temporary. Once the underlying cause is diagnosed and treated, hair can regrow within 3-6 months.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is a sickness where the resistant arrangement of the body goes after the hair follicles. This is an unpredictable type of hair loss that can begin in childhood or as a teenager. According to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation (NAAF), approximately 6.8 million people in the USA are affected by Alopecia Areata at some point in their lives, and globally, this number reaches 147 million people.

Alopecia Areata can happen in any piece of the skin on the whole body. Nonetheless, the most impacted region is the scalp. Hair loss occurs in patches on the scalp; otherwise, the person’s health is normal with no other symptoms. This hair loss is not permanent, and the hair follicles remain alive. Hair loss can occur on the entire body in some people.However, hairs regrow within 12 months without any medication.

The dermatologist may prescribe medications to treat and prevent the body’s immune system from attacking it.

Scarring Alopecia

Scarring alopecia (cicatricial alopecia) is a permanent type of hair loss caused by any disease that leaves scars on the skin. It accounts for more than 3% of the total hair loss types and can affect males and females at any stage of life. The hair doesn’t regrow as the hair follicles are altogether lost in the impacted region.

The affected area may be itchy, burning, painful, and red, progressing from the centre to the periphery. Scarring alopecia differs from alopecia areata due to the pain, redness, and itching in the affected area that are not present in alopecia areata.

Additionally, the hair loss patches are more ragged than those in Alopecia Aareata. The treatment is limited to stopping the progression of hair loss according to the type of scarring alopecia. 

Fungal Hair Loss

Scalp ringworm, known as’ Fungus capitis’, is the main source of contagious balding on the scalp and the whole body. As the name indicates, it usually occurs in the form of ring-shaped patches. It is most normal in kids however can taint any age bunch. infect any age group.

It normally influences youthful grown-up females and seldom influences guys too. The affected person may feel pain in the scalp along with a low-grade fever.

 This disease is analyzed by “Wood’s light,” and dermatologists treat this sort of contamination with fitting enemy of contagious medications and sedated shampoos. Ringworm recuperates at a trudging pace and ordinarily requires 4-6 weeks for a total fix.

The patches of hair can regrow once the treatment is complete with the elimination of the infection.

Postpartum Alopecia

The hair loss in women right after childbirth is called postpartum alopecia. During the last month of pregnancy, maintenance of a high oestrogen level is in the body, and these hormones are the culprits for keeping the hair in the growth phase (anagen).

Right after childbirth, when the elevated oestrogen levels come to normal, the shedding of hair starts, referred to as postpartum alopecia.

Some dermatologists do not categorise this condition as alopecia; the reason is that this is the shedding of hairs that were grown during pregnancy under hormonal influence.

Alopecia Barbae

Alopecia Barbae is a specific type of Alopecia Areata influencing the facial hair in guys. In this sort of balding, the body’s safe framework begins going after the hair follicles and harms them.

It occurs suddenly, and beard hairs start falling out in small circular patches that are increasing in diameter. Its treatment includes mediation to stop the immune system from attacking the hair follicles and improve the quality of life.

Lichen Planopilaris

Lichen Planopilaris is a permanent type of hair loss caused by damage to hair follicles by Lichen Planus. It is a patchy and progressive hair loss problem affecting the scalp and other hairy areas of the body.

It normally influences youthful grown-up females and seldom influences guys too. The treatment for Lichen Planopilaris will slow down the progress of hair loss.

Traction Alopecia

At the point when hair is firmly pulled over and again, the strands become frail and begin tumbling off, which is classified “Footing Alopecia. It starts as patches of non-scarring balding nearby under foothold.

If noticed early, it can be reversible, and hair can regrow after removing traction or avoiding the tightly pulled hairstyles. Nonetheless, later stages can prompt irreversible scarring alopecia with tingling and torment. This is normal while meshing hair excessively close.

Dealing With Medical Related Hair Loss

Clinical related going bald is normal and comes in various assortments. There are a wide range of medicines your dermatologist can prescribe to help. You are not the first or will be the last to have these issues. Medical-related hair loss is common.